Feature Articles

Best Practices for Using Blogs as a Student Engagement Tool

By Emily Gomez and Katherine Nobles

Blogs are a proven student engagement tool in both classroom and extracurricular settings. Users can benefit from learning the technology, taking ownership of posts and media, and having access to peers’ posts for discussion and feedback. This article highlights five best practices for blog use in career development.

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The First Conference of the National Vocational Guidance Association: Roots of the National Career Development Association #2

Rich Feller, President (2012-2013) National Career Development Association

The National Career Development Association conference, which now attracts thousands of counselors each year, looks back to its first conference, held in 1913. Where was it held? How was the association formed? What topics were discussed? Which leaders of that conference later rose to prominence in our field? Learn valuable lessons from our history. [Eds. Note: This article originally appeared here in March 2013. It is being repeated in celebration of Career Convergence's All Conference issue. See NCDA NEWS for more details.]

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Solution-Focused Career Counseling

By Mary Ann Looby

Solution-focused career counseling offers clients an effective and efficient development process and enables them to take action to turn career dreams into reality. This article explores the utility of solution-focused skills for career counselors, as well as the alignment of this approach with the CDF competency: Developing a Helping Relationship.

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The STEPs for Documenting Career Counseling Sessions

By Rhonda Sutton

Progress notes have an important role in the work of career counselors. STEPnotes is an innovative way to think about the note-taking process. The “STEPs” method provides a systematic way to conceptualize counseling sessions so that career counselors can be more effective and efficient in the counseling they provide.

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Helping Clients Change: The Stages of Change Model and Career Development Work

By Marie S. Hammond

Choosing a career identity is often a surprisingly complex process, and it takes time to complete. Career professionals can help clients move effectively through this process by becoming aware of how people change as well as being mindful that individuals may be at different stages of readiness to change.

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Reframing Career to CARE

By Edward Anthony Colozzi

The traditional way most people view career worldwide relates to paid work. This narrow focus dilutes efforts to make effective, sustaining interventions in peoples’ lives. Our profession's continuous interpretation of career to the public at-large remains an inadequate representation of the reality that most humans experience throughout their life journey. Let us all now share a compelling imperative to express care and release the magnificent energy potential we each have within.

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The Career Center of the Future

By Sue Harbour and Laura Lane

What will the career center of the future look like? It’s hard to know and kind of like shaking a Magic Eight Ball. This question was posed to participants at state, regional and national career conferences. You might be surprised at the results.

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Ten Ideas That Changed Career Development: A Monograph to Celebrate the Centennial of the National Career Development Association (1913-2013)

By Mark Savickas

The year 2013 marked the centennial of the National Career Development Association. To celebrate the milestone, research was conducted to identify ten ideas that have changed the career development field. After gathering opinions from 54 NCDA members about the discourses and practices that have shaped the field, a monograph was compiled. This unique and powerful monograph taps 11 current career development leaders to explain how these core ideas continue to drive present practice and inspire new directions.

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Autumn Harvest: Helping Clients Cultivate Meaningful Careers at Midlife and Beyond

By Maggie McCormick

Clients seeking meaningful encore careers might follow the example of 60-year-old Bruce who found success through strategic approaches and patience. When combined with a positive attitude, these strategies can help your clients cultivate engaging, purposeful work as they change seasons in their lives

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Rediscovering Our Roots: A Historical Video to Celebrate NCDA’s Centennial Year

By Mary Buzzetta

By looking at the past, NCDA members can rediscover their roots, celebrate those who have contributed to the present, and anticipate future trends. This short video will take viewers on a historical journey, traveling back to the early 1900’s, when career development first began.

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A Snapshot of Career Guidance in the Asia Pacific Region

By Marilyn Maze

As NCDA celebrates 100 years of career counseling in the US, what is happening in the rest of the world where career counseling is just beginning? How do Asian countries perceive a need for career counseling? Are the practices of career professionals similar to American long-time practices?

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“Expanding Your Horizons” – An Engaging Opportunity for Middle and High School Girls in STEM Career Exploration

By Alison Hutchinson

When considering the gap between the number of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) jobs and the number of students graduating college with these degrees in the United States it is essential to encourage students to focus on these areas through student outreach programs. “Expanding Your Horizons” is a national program that encourages young women to pursue STEM careers. This article provides a brief overview on the need for STEM students and a popular conference encouraging middle and high school girls to engage in these fields

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A Top Ten List for Self-Evaluation

by Nedra Klee Hartzell

Career counselors are encouraged to look inward professionally. Questions about client interaction, professional and personal development, and ethics are offered for consideration. In honor of NCDA's 100th anniversary, Career Convergence is publishing articles of historical significance. This month, our web magazine is reprinting articles from our debut issue in 2003.

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NCDA Roots #5: Early History of the National Vocational Guidance Association

By Rich Feller and Fatima Wilson

What factors caused career counseling to take hold in the early 1900’s and what kind of people created this profession? How did they see their mission and their role in providing career guidance? What challenges did they believe were the most crucial to address?

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The Creation of the National Vocational Guidance Association

By Fatima Wilson

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Roots of the National Career Development Association #4

By Rich Feller

To celebrate the centennial anniversary of the Career Development Quarterly, NCDA has published a free virtual edition which republished the eight most cited articles published in this journal during the past century. Learn about the roots of the Career Development Quarterly and read the articles which have been the most important to career development scholars over the past 100 years.

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Roots of the National Career Development Association #3

By Rich Feller

When NVGA/NCDA was formed in 1913, how was the art and science of vocational guidance practiced? Was there training available in this field? Which tools were available for use in vocational guidance?

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Roots of the National Career Development Association #1

By Rich Feller, President (2012-2013) National Career Development Association

As NCDA enters its centennial year, we remember the formation of the National Vocational Guidance Association 100 years ago. Who formed this association? Where was it formed? What concerns did its founders wish to address?

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The Occupational Outlook Handbook enters the 21st Century

By Kristina Bartsch

The Occupational Outlook Handbook, the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ established career information publication, was released in March 2012 as a reinvented online career resource. Learn about its updated look, multiple navigation choices, new search options, and reader-friendly writing style.

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Documenting College and Career Ready Students

By Ray Henson

A lot has been written about college and career readiness for high school students. However, little is said concerning career readiness regardless of post-secondary education and training plans. College entrance assessments have been the measuring stick for college-bound students, but can we determine readiness for the workforce? This article is written to emphasize career preparedness in college and career ready initiatives.

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Experiential Activities for Teaching Career Counseling Classes and for Facilitating Career Groups

Book Review by Erin Harvey

Readers will gain from the ideas presented in the third volume of this resource from NCDA. When used in a group or classroom setting, practitioners can learn and implement new activities, increasing their own creative and experiential interventions within their practice.

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Best College Majors And Activities For Aspiring Law School Students

By Shauna C. Bryce

Success as a lawyer isn't determined by choosing the right major. The critical skills for success as a lawyer can be found in unexpected places. Career development practitioners would do well to share this reminder about transferable skills with their clients.

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Monographs Provide a Wealth of Practical and Easily Accessible Information: A Conversation with James P. Sampson, Jr., Ph.D.

By Brian M. Montalvo

NCDA monographs provide a wealth of practical and easily accessible information. A conversation with James P. Sampson, Jr., author and editor of "Designing and Implementing Career Programs: A Handbook for Effective Practice", offers insightful information that every career practitioner and those that are in the process of managing or creating career programs should read.

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Getting More Out of Linkedin and Avoiding the Pitfalls

By Paula Brand

Are you still waiting to create a profile on LinkedIn? Are you on LinkedIn but want to do more? This article will give you some quick and easy steps to get more involved with LinkedIn and share some of the pros and cons of using it.

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THE COMING JOBS WAR

Book Review by Charles Lehman

Are good jobs the scarce commodity of the future? Jim Clifton of Gallup Corporation provides evidence that rate-of-job-creation separates prosperous countries from those that stagnate and fall behind. How does this world-view relate to our work as career counselors?

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What Sustains the Practitioner?

By Marilyn Maze

At NCDA’s recent regional institute, career development practitioners were asked what sustains them. This opportunity for introspection may be helpful to all of us, and some of their answers may resonate strongly within us each day.

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NCDA Connects to International Policy Development

By Deb Osborn and Rich Feller

NCDA aims to continue exploring and investing in mutually beneficial international partnerships. Obviously there is a need to advance career development policy leading to expanded access to career development resources to all populations

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Research Reveals that Personality-Major Match Strengthens Students’ College Success

By Lawrence Jones and Juliet Wehr Jones

Major studies reveal that the degree of fit between students’ Holland personality type and their college major predicts their academic and career success. This article opens the door to understanding and applying these findings to college students, as well as to college-bound youth and adults.

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Fixing a Faulty Social Media Reputation

By Janet Wall

In this age of transparency, everything you and others post about you online becomes public information. Negative or offensive information can hurt a job search or admission into postsecondary education. Often young people are not aware of how important it is to portray a positive and professional online presence. There are some ways to repair a negative online reputation and it starts with knowing how you are perceived online. Career services professionals can use these tips for themselves and with their students and clients.

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Celebrating and Becoming a Champion for Diversity: Successful Strategies for Career Professionals

By Mary Buzzetta, Stefanie Cisneros, and Michael Zucker

To meet the challenges of a changing world, career professionals must be able to provide effective career services to a wide array of clients and be prepared to work with clients in culturally sensitive and appropriate ways. This article focuses on common career development barriers faced by three distinct groups: veterans, athletes, and students with disabilities.

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Demystifying Assessments: 10 Essential Questions to Structure Your Approach

By Roberta Neault

Effective career assessment is a comprehensive process, not simply administering a battery of tests. Systematically answering the questions highlighted in this article will help to ensure that your assessments are focused, efficient, and ethically sound.

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The Big Shift

Book Review by Wendy Bay Lewis

Marc Freedman, the leading proponent of the encore career movement, has written a compelling prescription for pursuing post-midlife careers of “purpose, passion and a paycheck” rather than traditional retirement. For those of us who advise these “new stagers,” The Big Shift provides candid insights into the dramatic benefits that await our country as well as the challenges facing individuals who choose to leave a legacy of service.

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Gender in the Labor Force: 1970 - 2009

By Marilyn Maze

The role of women in the labor force has changed significantly over the past 40 years. Women have made dramatic gains in high-paying professional jobs. Have gender differences disappeared? Many think so. What does research tell us? It is important for anyone who counsels women to understand the ways in which gender still makes a difference.

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Monographs Provide a Wealth of Practical, Accessible Information: A Conversation with author Debra S. Osborn

By Mary E. Buzzetta

NCDA monographs provide a wealth of practical and easily accessible information. A conversation with Debra S. Osborn, Ph.D., author and editor of "Teaching Career Development: A Primer for Instructors and Presenters,” offers insightful information that every instructor, new or seasoned, teaching a career development course should read.

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Getting to the Top: Strategies for Career Success

Book review by Judy Kaplan Baron

The author of Getting to the Top shares experiences and lessons learned as an executive recruiter, identifies and analyzes career path strategies and provides personal stories of people in marketing, product/brand management, corporate communications, strategic alliances, etc. This is all the hard-to-find information that counselors need to know when working with people on their way to the top!

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Career Convergence – A Career-Building Opportunity

By Marilyn Maze

As Career Convergence begins its 9th year of publication, the editors and the NCDA Board have begun to make prodigious plans for the coming year. We have entered the 21st Century with a strong commitment to collaboration and invite you to contribute. Thinking of writing, but not sure what to write about? Check out our “wish-list” of topics.

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Grief Work in Career Planning and Development

By Peter Manzi

People view the loss of a parent for a young adult as a tragedy and a disruptive life event. Yet, could such a death provide an impetus to help a young person overcome self doubt and career uncertainty? How does grief affect a college student frustrated with his studies and ready to leave school?

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CDQ Annual Review: A Taste of 2009

By Paul J. Hartung

Advancing its mission and that of NCDA, The Career Development Quarterly (CDQ) has for over 20 years published annual reviews of the career counseling and development literature. The 2009 annual review appears in the December 2010 issue of CDQ. Here is a précis of the 2009 review and an invitation to peruse the full article when it reaches your mailbox, library, or other source.

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Six Universal Competencies for Career Success

By Frank B. Leibold

Six Lifelong Transferable Competencies are required for today's transforming workforce and for most occupations and levels of responsibility. Transferable skill-sets, or competencies, have become the new currency for career success, future employability and closing America's global skills gap.

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Primum non nocere – First Do No Harm

By Janet E. Wall

In the medical field, First Do No Harm is a precept that is part of the basic ethical principles by which competent professionals operate. It recognizes that sometimes it is better to do nothing than employ an action that might cause harm to the patient. Often this idea is not transferred to other professions – like career development – particularly as it relates to the use of assessments.

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Seven Steps for Career Professionals to Take When a Reporter Calls

By Gail Hulnick

This article describes some of the priorities and perspectives of journalists, and suggests “best practices” for the career development professional who is interested in building a mutually beneficial relationship with a reporter.

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A Case Study Approach to Ethics in Career Development: Exploring Shades of Gray

Book Review by Mary Buzzetta

This monograph offers tools for addressing the complex ethical situations that career professionals encounter in their every day practice. Readers are encouraged to become actively engaged in an ethical decision-making journey.

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Multicultural Career Counseling Competence: 5 Key Tips for Improving Practice

By Richard Orbé-Austin

Our increasingly diverse and global workforce requires career services professionals to strengthen our multicultural competence in order to meet our clients' needs. The challenge is to understand how to integrate the recently passed Minimum Multicultural Competencies into our everyday practice. This article focuses on key recommendations that can be applied to our current career counseling approaches, while improving our multicultural competence.

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ACA Advocacy Competencies: A Social Justice Framework for Counselors

Book Review by Marilyn Maze

Advocacy is an important part of counseling, and is especially important in career counseling. With the help of Mark Pope and Joseph Pangelinan, this new book published by the American Counseling Association offers a fresh look at advocacy competencies needed by career counselors.

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Four World-Wide Goals Set at Fifth International Symposium

By Marilyn E. Maze

Career practitioners, researchers, and policy-makers from 23 countries agreed on international goals for improving the delivery of career development services at the Fifth International Symposium for Career Development and Public Policy. What does this body believe to be the four most important goals world-wide in the field of career development?

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Relating Interests to College Majors, Career Clusters, and Career Pathways

By Lawrence K. Jones and Juliet Wehr Jones

Developing a way to match Holland's personality types to Career Clusters, Career Pathways and all 1,300+ college majors, training, and instructional programs was a major challenge. We explain its importance, how we did it, and suggest ways you can use our work to help young people and adults.

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California Achieves Counselor Licensure

An interview with Dean Porter by Marilyn Maze

California became the 50th state to license counselors in October, after three attempts and many years of effort. The California Coalition for Counselor Licensure (CCCL), a coalition of nine counseling associations, joined together to achieve this goal. CCCL will now work with the state agencies to develop the rules and regulations for implementation of licensure.

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New Minimum Multicultural Competencies Announced

By Belinda McCharen and Shawn Utecht

New Minimum Multicultural Competencies help "ensure that all individuals practicing in, or training for practice in, the career counseling and development field are aware of the expectation that we, as professionals, will practice in ways that promote the career development and functioning of individuals of all backgrounds" (Multicultural, 2009).

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The Working Worried - How Career Development Practitioners Can Help

By Caitlin Williams

Each day more employees go to work worried that, at any moment, their job may disappear. Career development professionals must be prepared to offer key skills and support to assist these workers in dealing with the challenges of our current economic times.

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Creating Careers with Confidence

Book Review by Darrell A. Luzzo

Dr. Edward A. Colozzi's Creating Careers with Confidence offers an engaging, reflective approach to career exploration and planning that is sure to capture the hearts and minds of its readers. It is an ideal workbook for individual clients, community groups, and students who are in search of careers that offer true meaning and purpose.

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Career, Work, and Mental Health: Integrating Career and Personal Counseling

Book Review by Gary W. Peterson

Career, Work, and Mental Health by Vernon G. Zunker provides a useful and engaging work for counselors who are called upon to integrate the seemingly disparate fields of career and mental health counseling. It begins with the assumption of a whole-person approach to counseling, which makes this text useful for practitioners as well as counselor-educators.

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Integrative Career Counseling: Helping Clients Who Are Depressed, Stressed and Sometimes a Mess

By Karen James Chopra

Career counseling clients need to work, regardless of what else is happening in their lives, from emotional or psychological issues to devastating life events. Integrative Career Counseling (ICC) is a powerful, easy-to-use framework for helping clients achieve their career goals in the face of life's inevitable challenges.

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The Green Economy in Light of the Stimulus Package

By Carol McClelland

Now that the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 has been signed, we have a better idea how the bill will stimulate certain aspects of the green economy. This article spells out green industries that are likely to produce green collar jobs and green professional jobs.

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What's the Story? Using Narrative in Career Management

By Mike Ballard and Lisa Severy

The role of narrative and constructivist thought in career development continues to be the subject of healthy debate and discussion. This article suggests that narrative goes beyond self-assessment, and is an integral part of ongoing career management.

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Vocational Guidance and Career Development Services at Universities in Spain

By Marta Fernández-González

Universities in Spain are currently undergoing dramatic changes caused by the Bolonia Process, which encourages exchange of students among universities throughout Europe. Spanish universities have offered career guidance services since the early seventies, but are now facing the need for more and different career guidance services to assist students in this new Europe-wide environment.

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Developing & Managing Career Resources

Book Review by Brian M. Montalvo

The monograph, Developing & Managing Career Resources, is an up-to-date, practical guide that would be useful for either setting up a career center or improving an existing one.

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The Adventures of Johnny Bunko: the Last Career Guide You’ll Ever Need

Book review by Karol Taylor

Comic book lovers, particularly Anime fans, will enjoy learning Pink’s six principles of career management in this story of Johnny, an American quarter-lifer.

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Introducing Vocopher:
The Career Collaboratory

By Kevin Glavin

Vocopher, the career collaboratory, provides counseling professionals with free online access to a number of quality career inventories and educational materials. This web-based collection of instruments and assessments is designed to assist career practitioners, educators and researchers.

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Designing and Implementing Career Programs

Excerpts from the book by James P. Sampson, Jr.

These PowerPoint presentations are companions to the book and made available for you to peruse. This special feature of Career Convergence is provided to readers to highlight the excellent resources available through NCDA.

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The Role of the Client in Adult Guidance Research: An Irish Public Policy Issue

By Lucy Hearne

Measuring the long-term outcomes of guidance is a major public policy issue in Ireland and abroad. However, the current strive to achieve economic goals ignores the client's personal experiences of progression. This is the focus of a research study examining the client's contribution to the design of quality tracking systems in adult guidance.

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The Ethics of Advocacy: Channelling Outrage to Champion Change

By Roberta Neault

Career professionals hear outrageous stories of injustices. How can those stories be used to champion change? This article draws from the NCDA (2007) Code of Ethics for guidance on advocacy that will benefit individual clients and society as a whole.

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Career Education: History and Future

Book Review by Julia Panke Makela

In addition to celebrating 100 Years of Career Guidance and Education, this book and review provide a useful introduction to the policy arena in preparation for the 2008 National Career Development Association Global Conference in Washington, D.C.

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Career Counselor as Advocate for and with Clients

By Erin E. Jennings & Amy Mazur

Counselor advocacy is nothing new; we've been advocating with and for our clients and ourselves since the inception of the profession. The goal of this article is to inspire you to rethink your role as an advocate, and to begin or further your advocacy work.

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Choosing a Vocation

Book Review By William C. Briddick

During the last days of his life, Frank Parsons prepared what would become a classic volume in the field of career/vocational counseling, Choosing a Vocation. Written for bureau directors and staff, this text outlines Parsons' vocational counseling methods, vocational information, supplementary resources, and case studies. Though its vocational information may be outdated and its nature directive, the book still offers significant value as the 100th anniversary of the death of Frank Parsons approaches.

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Life Direction: the Teeter Totter of Life

By Anna Miller-Tiedeman

Does the direction of your life go up and down? Do your clients question their life direction? In her own way, this author expresses her insights on how to handle life when it gets out of focus.

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Book Review: Experiential Activities, Volume Two

Book Review By Sally Gelardin

Discover why the activities in both Volume One and Two are so popular with career educators/practitioners and why they work for individuals who are dealing with career issues.

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Is Your Program Working? Resources for Evaluating Your Career Program

Janet E. Wall

Program evaluation is defined as a purposeful, systematic, and careful collection and analysis of information used to document the effectiveness and impact of programs, establish accountability, and identify areas needing change and improvement. That said, evaluation need not be a highly complex activity. With a modicum of planning and organization and some elementary school mathematics, you can conduct an evaluation that will help you better understand the impact and outcomes of the career intervention you are providing.

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One World, Many Cultures: Career Counseling Services in a Globalizing World

By Recep Varcin and Ilkay Savci

The purpose of this article is to provide first hand information about setting up and implementing the only career counseling master program in Turkey.

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Group Career Counseling: Practices and Principles

Book Review by Cassandra P. Smisson

Dr. Richard Pyle's monograph Group Career Counseling: Practices and Principles is a distinctive resource in that it explores group career counseling as a unique intervention with its own principles and properties. It is a useful supplement for someone who has foundational information on groups.

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DOVE: A Values-Based Career Recipe For Success and Satisfaction

By Edward Colozzi

In recognition of purpose, personal agency, an expanded application of matching theory, and spirituality in career construction, this article examines Depth-Oriented Values Extraction (DOVE) as a specific career counseling intervention designed to move beyond objective assessment.

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The Multilingual Advantage: What Career Development Professionals Need to Know

By Nataly Kelly

The demand for skills in languages other than English is at an all-time high. With an increasingly diverse society here in the United States, and with international companies opening up numerous branches around the globe, foreign language skills have never been more vital for career potential in virtually every industry.

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Impacts of School-based Career Interventions on NCDG Outcomes

By Wei-Cheng Mau

This article summarizes results from a meta-analysis of outcome studies published between 1990 2005 which met the criteria of being a controlled study on career interventions with school-aged participants. Three career interventions that produced a large positive impact are highlighted. Common effective components are also described.

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Creating Value: Your Brand as a Career Counselor

By Janet M. Ruck

Career development professionals and the populations they serve need to be aware of their image and take control over the creation of You, Inc.

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PART II Talent and Career Explored Using Journaling and Art Therapy Techniques

By Dean Pappas

Assisting a client to explore creative talents, career enhancement, and professional drives and aspirations invites "whole brain" work on the part of both the client and the career development professional. What follows are activities that the career development professional can offer a client, when appropriate. [NOTE: this is Part II of the Pappas's article on "The 'Whole Brain' the 'Whole Person' and Exploring Talent".

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The "Whole Brain," the "Whole Person" and Exploring Talent

by Dean Pappas

Is your client "left-brained" or "right"? Or perhaps more realistically, is your client a "whole brain" person? Increasing awareness of the parts of the self as well as the whole requires incorporating current psychological research and solid counseling theory, while at the same time enlarging the career development professional's toolbox of exploratory exercises. [NOTE: This is Part I of a two-part article. Part II of this article will detail exercises for uncovering talent in career development. Part II will be published in Career Convergence in February 2007.]

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Creative Assessments: Using Non-Traditional Methods to Uncover Clients' Hidden Dreams

by Maureen Nelson

Creative assessments go beyond standard assessments in their capacity to draw out the client's heart's desire and potential. Using a variety of methods and media, these non-traditional methods work with multiple learning styles, keeping things fresh and engaging for client and counselor alike.

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Are We Really Listening? Helping Career Practitioners Develop Narrative Skills

by Mike Stebleton

Our stories identify and shape us. Clients bring career-related stories of loss, transition, belonging, and indecision. How prepared are we to fully engage in these narratives? This article will address the importance of narrative skills for career counselors. Strategies to enhance narrative skills will be outlined.

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Mental Health and Vocational Disability: Part 2 - A Quick Guide to Anxiety Disorders

by Peter Manzi

Part Two focuses on anxiety disorders and their impact on vocational functioning, followed by a discussion of career counselor interventions for mood and anxiety disorders.

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Career Development International: A Focus on China

by Gemma A. Williams

To learn of the status of career development in China, delegates from the People to People Ambassador program traveled to the Asian country in 2005. This delegate realized the journey was rewarding both personally and professionally.

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Taking Off with Vocation Vacations

by Al Rider

Inspired by his own dream for a lifestyle change, a former Chicago-based executive has created a "career-travel" agency that might breathe new life into the profession by making career exploration fun - and by the way, also provide new networking possibilities for career counselors everywhere.

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Mental Health and Vocational Disability: A Quick Guide to Mood Disorders

by Peter Manzi

As career counseling models recognize the value of focusing on the whole person, counselors may need to use this quick guide to understand the DSM's classification of mental disorders, their symptomology and likely course, and treatment modalities. Behaviors the client is likely to experience may have a significant impact on a client's work adjustment.

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Getting Involved in NCDA: Tips for Graduate Students

by Kevin Glavin

This article is intended to assist graduate students who would like to become actively involved with NCDA but are not sure where to start. First and foremost, attend the national conference. Networking and presenting could impact your future employment possibilities. In addition to outlining several ways you can become actively involved in NCDA, this article will provide you with tips for reducing conference expenditures, and an action plan to help get you started.

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The World is Flat

Book Review by Marilyn Maze

If you value a good window into the world of work, consider reading this book. It is well-organized and well-written, full of fascinating real-life stories that make it fun to read, and offers profound insights about economic realities that we may not yet fully grasp. The author's unabashed enthusiasm for technological advancement is its main weakness. It offers a thorough discussion of many aspects of our current economic situation, arguing from a single perspective. It is a worthwhile read for anyone wishing to stay on top of the global changes of the 21st century.

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The Role of Work in People's Lives: Applied Career Counseling and Vocational Psychology

Book Review by Danielle Savage

The Role of Work in People's Lives is a groundbreaking graduate-level textbook that brings diversity and multicultural issues to the heart of the exploration of current work trends, career development, and the career services profession. Voluntarily focusing on the grittier world of work rather than the glamorous domain of careers, Peterson and Gonzalez remind us that different populations may perceive occupational concerns very differently, and dare us to challenge our own assumptions as we work with those who come to us for assistance.

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Making a Commitment to Mentoring: Do You Have What It Takes?

by Nedra Klee Hartzell

Have you wondered about being a mentor or being mentored? Do you have what it takes to be a mentor or mentee?

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Ten Steps to Help Students Focus on their Education and Career Plans

by Suzy Mygatt Wakefield

Educators, counselors, and parents need to work together with people in the business community to offer career guidance programs to help students develop their strengths in order to better plan for their futures. All planning needs to begin with an understanding of the individuals strengthsthe foundation for career planning. In honor of National Career Development Month, this article suggests that a community of people, services, and activities unite to achieve a career plan for the future.

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Becoming Involved in Career-Related Public Policy Planning

by Sally Gelardin

As career practitioners, we have a responsibility, not only to serve as counselors and advisors, but also to serve as guides, educators, and public advocates for our clients. Following are reflections that I submitted to the California Workforce Investment Board in response to the Boards invitation to provide feedback to its Two-Year Strategic Plan. If California counselors expect to earn state licensure status, then we need to demonstrate our value to decision-makers and become involved in legislative issues and state-sponsored workforce initiatives. I encourage you to join me by becoming involved in public policy planning.

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Whats Your Work Density?

by Robert Travia

There is a significant correlation between the workload that we encounter and the job satisfaction that we experience. Research supports the idea that performance, productivity, commitment and retention all correlate with job satisfaction. This concept bridges the gap between intangible job satisfaction assessments and the tangible workload and resources that organizations provide their associates, a relationship over which organizational leaders have control.

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Great Expectations for Career Counselors

by Peter Manzi

NCDA publishes a comprehensive description of competencies for career counselors (currently being updated). However, NCDA has not begged the question, What do clients expect from a career counselor? Can identifying these expectations inform counselors to better understand and serve their clients? Will such expectations be based on fact, fallacy or wish fulfillment? And lastly, what do clients need to know about career counseling?

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How Do Clients Utilize Computerized Career Guidance Tools: Implications for Counselors

by Marilyn Maze and Garry Klein

This study, based on a very large set of data, examined the parts and features typically utilized when various types of people accessed the DISCOVER computerized career guidance program. The results contain some surprises and indicate points where counselor intervention is needed to guide clients.

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Interest Areas: NCDAs New Gateway To Online Resources

by Julie Levinson

NCDA has created a new set of Interest Area pages on its website. The intent of this effort was to provide a single place on the web where career development professionals could easily locate useful resources. The structure and content of these pages are described in the article.

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Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education

by Janet E. Wall

The Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education has been endorsed by the governing bodies of seven member organizations of the Joint Committee on Testing Practices. This document was written to guide both test developers and test users in the fair and appropriate use of tests in education.

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Continuing Professional Development Options for Career Counselor Supervisors

by John P. Lombardo

Career counselor educators and supervisors are essential to developing effective career counselors; however, such busy professionals seldom have time for additional formal graduate course work, and many seek alternatives for their continuing professional development needs. Here is a brief list of recent high quality books, videos, CD-ROMs, and on-line courses that may be used by career counselor supervisors to continue their professional knowledge and skills development on their own schedules.

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Discover, Explore, and Use

by Lawrence K. Jones

The Career Key website has much to offer you and those you help. It is a free, public service to help youth and adults make good career decisions. You will discover that it has many features that will advance your work.

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"The Authentic Career"

Book Review by Sally Gelardin

The reviewer surprises herself by offering admiration not criticism to the author of this book. This book generated many ahas for the reviewer and will do the same for future readers!

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Science Careers: Personal Accounts from the Experts

Reviewed by Marie Louise Bernardo

A reviewer finds this small book (less than 150 pages) is packed with informative and enjoyable reading. While its title would seem to restrict information to only one category of careers, in reality this book is an excellent resource for career exploration in any field. Science Careers is available at the newly remodeled online NCDA Career Resource Store.

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Outsourcing & Off- Shoring

by Daniel Eakins

Offshoring and outsourcing are one of many employment related concerns in todays current economy. Whether or not you are in the corporate IT world, here is what you need to know and/or share with all your clients. These tips from Capellas Career Associate for the School of Technology at Capella University, may help save your career or your clients career.

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A Trans/Queer/Intersex Primer: Career Counseling Concerns

by Caroline Gould

Transgender, queer and intersex people cope with different vocational concerns than most other populations. Career counselors need to be able to negotiate a quality counseling alliance while tailoring career interventions. The article proposes a basic structural conception, along with three succinct precepts.

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Experiential Activities for Teaching Career Counseling Classes and for Facilitating Career Groups

by Mark Pope and Carole W. Minor

Chapter 2 "Career Services I Needed" is excerpted directly from Volume One of this book. The Table of Contents is also available for viewing. This new feature of Career Convergence is provided to readers to highlight the excellent resources available through NCDA.

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How the NCDA Internet Sites for Career Planning Web Link Can Benefit You

By Gail V. Lange

The objective of this article is to introduce and encourage you, the career service provider, to use and promote the Resources Link: NCDA Internet Sites for Career Planning. The key benefits to be gained include learning directly from other industry career experts and saving time.

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Career Development Interventions in the 21st Century by Spencer G. Niles and JoAnn Harris-Bowlsbey

Book Review by Peter Manzi

Can this book meet the high expectations of readers? Does it achieve the promise of ushering the new millennium of career development issues? Yes, says this reviewer.

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The 7 Habits of Highly Ineffective Career Counselors

by Evonne D. Olson

Identifying habits and practices that sabotage our best career counseling efforts can open our eyes to new and improved ways to contribute to positive outcomes for our clients.

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Each One Reach One

by Spencer Niles

What is the new "Each One Reach One" campaign that NCDA introduced September 1, 2003? In this open letter, the NCDA President explains the campaign and invites members to participate.

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Whats Holding You Back?

By Peter Economy

This article takes a look at some of the most common obstacles preventing people from starting their own private practices, and what they can do to overcome them.

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Model Defines At Home and At Work Personalities

by Larry Gabbard

This work moves MBTI career counseling lists into the future. Type Occupational Theme (TOT) Codes are developed and occupations are organized into twelve themes. Comparison of At Home and At Work environments predicts burnout. The Enneagram, prior knowledge not required, provides information on limiting personality dynamics, extra functional preferences and attitude/orientation toward stress/bliss.

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Career Counseling Survival Tips: Helping Clients Find Employment During a Recession

by Darlene Fritz, M.A.

A recession can be a frustrating time for career counselors as well as job seekers. Read what the experts have to say about surviving and thriving through a tough labor market.

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21st Century Career Success

by Michelle Casto

When it comes to modern career development, one thing we can all count on is change. With the advent of technology, telecommuting, and E-commerce, how work is performed is in a state of reinvention. Self-employment and small business development will become more the norm than big business. And career changes will be more frequent due to rapidly changing organizations and industries. Finally, the line between one's personal and professional life will become even more blurred.

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Career Counseling Specialty: Out with the Old and Bring In the New!

by Peter Manzi

The only professional "registration" of career expertise for career counselors is the three special membership categories offered to NCDA members. These categories, Fellow, Master Career Counselor and Master Career Development Professional, replace the NCCC credential that was discontinued in 1999.

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Career Counseling Specialty: Out with the Old and Bring In the New!

by Peter Manzi

The only professional "registration" of career expertise for career counselors is the three special membership categories offered to NCDA members. These categories, Fellow, Master Career Counselor and Master Career Development Professional, replace the NCCC credential that was discontinued in 1999.

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